African American children continue to be represented in America's child welfare system in numbers far beyond their representation in this nation's general child population. The effects of over-representation and disproportionality are far reaching. Below is a list of documents that attempt to describe the major relevant isues as well as causes for the disproportionate representation of African American children in child welfare.
* Please Note - Similar documents related to juvenile justice can be found on the Juvenile Justice page of this website - click link provided at top of page.
African American Children in Foster Care: Additional HHS Assistance Needed to Help States Reduce the Proportion in Care Prepared by: United States General Accountability Office Released by: US House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Charles B. Rangel Date: July 2007 Click here to read report.
Assessing Disproportionality in Child Welfare (A Bibliography) Prepared and Published by: National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information, National Adoption Information Clearinghouse Date: May 2005 Click here to view bibliography.
Study of Outcomes for African American Children in Minnesota's Child Protection System Published by: Minnesota Department of Human Services Date: April 2005 Click here to read report.
A Practice Guide for Working with African American Families Guide written by: Maxie Rockymore, MSW Published by: Minnesota Department of Human Services Date: April 2006 Click here to read article.
Race and Foster Care: Questions Without Answers By Susan Kellam Published by: Connect for Kids This article first appeared in July 1999. Click here to read article.
Practices that Mitigate the Effects of Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System Paper by: Susan Dougherty Published by: Casey Family Programs Date: August 25, 2003 Click here to read paper.
Minority Over-Representation in Child Welfare Services: A Report to the Colorado Department of Human Services Report by: Marian C. Bussey, Ph.D. & Cathryn C. Potter, Ph.D. Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver Date: September 2002 Click here to read Executive Summary.
Racial Disproportionality in the U.S. Child Welfare System: Documentation, Research on Causes, and Promising Practices Report prepared by: Dorothy Roberts Northwestern University School of Law Institute for Policy Research Published by: The Annie E. Casey Foundation Date: August 20, 2002 Click here to read report.
Color of Child Welfare Policy: Racial Disparities in Child Welfare Services Presentation delivered by: Ruth G. McRoy, Ph.D. The University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work, Center for Social Work Research Published by: The National Resource Center for Foster Care and Permanency Planning Date: April 29, 2002 Click here for transcript. Click here for Powerpoint slides.
Breaking the Silence: A Candid Discussion on the Disproportionality of African American Children in Out-of-Home Placement Proceedings of the Gamble-Skogmo Lecture and Issues Forum Sponsored by: The University of Minnesota Gamble-Skogmo Land Grant Chair in Child Welfare & Youth Policy Co-Sponsored by: The School of Social Work Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare Date: November 1, 2000 Click here to read the proceedings.
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